What Causes It?
In an accident, the speed, velocity, and direction of the vehicles involved determines the severity of a victim’s injuries. The skeletal system is not designed to withstand the impact of these heavy, fast objects, and in response, it breaks. Depending on the type of crash, the positions of the victims, and whether they were wearing seatbelts, people involved in an accident suffer varying degrees of damage.
A natural and unconscious response to any unexpected movement is to put your hands out to “break the fall”. This can result in a broken wrist or a thumb. If a solid object such as a car frame, lamp post, steering wheel, or airbag hits a victim with enough force, it will often fracture bones at the point of collision. Breaks to the arms and legs, neck, back, sternum and ribs, clavicle, hips, pelvis, face, and skull all commonly result from a crash.